Hysterectomy affects women both physically and mentally. This is because removal of the uterus stalls the reproductive process in a woman’s body. This has a direct effect on the menstrual process in her body. Its side-effect also depends upon certain factors such as the age of the woman, and the kind of hysterectomy surgery performed on her.
Abdominal hysterectomy is the most commonly used method of hysterectomy. In this case, incisions are made near the abdomen and the uterus is detached from the ligaments holding it, and is removed through the vagina. Sometimes, this results in ‘short vagina’. This condition can make physical intercourse extremely difficult. This particular process of hysterectomy has been known to cause bladder and bowel injury in women. It may also damage the ureter or cause adhesions on other parts of the body. Vaginal hysterectomy too, may cause injury to the bladder. In case of vaginal hysterectomy, the uterus is removed through the vagina. This process may lead to fever or infection.
In general, hysterectomy may cause fatigue, depression, headache, and weight gain in women. In some cases, hysterectomy has even caused heart disease, osteoporosis, or memory loss in women. Women have also complained of bleeding, urinary disorders, vaginal dryness, and hair loss after hysterectomy.