Most women undergoing periods suffer from what are known as menstrual cramps. They usually affect the abdominal area of the body, though may also occur in the legs and the back at times. It is said that almost 50% of women suffer from cramps while menstruating. Although the severity of the cramps may differ with women, some experience ‘dysmenorrhea’. In case of dysmenorrhea, the cramps are often incapacitating, requiring urgent medication. While teenage girls or young women are most likely to suffer from menstrual cramps, several older women are also known to suffer from it.
These cramps usually occur before the commencement of the menstrual cycle or during its initial days. They are usually caused due to a heavy contraction in the uterine muscles. Women may also experience diarrhoea, headaches, and nausea along with this pain.
Doctors usually administer non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDS in order to bring relief in case of menstrual cramps. They are considered safe for young girls to take. This line of drug does not cause drowsiness. Other than that, women can also use a hot water bottle for comfort. Experts are of the opinion that regular exercise goes a long way in warding off menstrual cramps.