Hysterectomy can be performed using different procedures. Also, the kind of hysterectomy performed on a woman may differ. This mainly depends on her reason for needing a hysterectomy. Hysterectomy can be of various kinds:
i. Total hysterectomy
ii. Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
iii. Partial hysterectomy
iv. Radical hysterectomy
The most common kind of hysterectomy, total hysterectomy is the process where the uterus and the cervix are removed. This is mainly used on patients suffering from uterine and cervical cancer.
Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
In this case, surgeons remove the ovaries as well as the fallopian tubes along with the uterus. This kind of hysterectomy is normally performed on ovarian cancer patients.
Partial hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, oviducts, lymph nodes and channels, and the upper part of the vagina. Surgeons perform partial hysterectomy in case of cervical or endometrial cancer. This kind of surgery becomes important when the cancer spreads to the cervix.
Hysterectomy can be performed either through the vagina or through the abdomen. In case of a vaginal hysterectomy, surgeons make an incision near the vagina. With the help of this incision, they are able to detach the uterus from the ligaments holding it. The uterus is then removed from the body using the vaginal opening. Unlike abdominal hysterectomy, this procedure is not painful and women can return to their normal lifestyle after about four weeks. This process is generally used on women suffering from uterine prolapse or fibroids.
Abdominal hysterectomy, on the other hand, is a process where surgeons make an incision on the abdomen. This incision is about 8-10in long, and is used to remove the uterus. This kind of hysterectomy is used in case of an enlarged uterus or cancer. This surgery leaves a scar. It also takes a woman much longer time to recover as compared to that in vaginal hysterectomy. Even then, this is the most preferred form of hysterectomy in the United States.